Passive and Active Learning Styles
Have you heard of passive and active learning styles? What kinds of learning are you facilitating when you teach children? Passive learning can be described using various words and phrases, including:
Receptive: Passive learning involves receiving information or instruction without active participation or engagement.
Observational: It often entails watching or listening to someone else, such as a teacher or presenter, without direct involvement.
Uninvolved: Passive learners typically do not interact or contribute actively to the learning process.
Informational: Passive learning is focused on the acquisition of facts, knowledge, or content.
Didactic: It often involves one-way communication, with the instructor or information source imparting knowledge to the learners.
Listening: Passive learners primarily use their listening skills to absorb information.
Reading: Passive learning can also involve reading textbooks, articles, or other written materials to gain knowledge.
Traditional: It aligns with more conventional teaching methods, where learners are expected to listen, read, or watch, but not necessarily engage actively.
Passive Absorption: It implies a process of absorbing information rather than actively seeking it out or generating it.
Lectures: Passive learning is commonly associated with lectures where an instructor delivers information to an audience.
Teacher-Centered: It often places the teacher or information source at the center of the learning experience.
Low Engagement: Passive learning typically results in lower levels of learner involvement and interaction.
One-Sided: It is a one-sided form of communication where the learner is on the receiving end.
Traditional Classroom: It's often associated with the traditional classroom setting where students sit and listen to the teacher.
Limited Interactivity: There is limited interaction between the learners, and most interaction is between the learner and the information source.
In contrast, active learning is described as:
Engaged: Active learning involves learners who are actively engaged and participating in the learning process.
Interactive: It encourages interaction and collaboration among learners, promoting discussions and exchanges of ideas.
Hands-On: Active learning often involves hands-on activities or practical experiences that go beyond passive listening or reading.
Participatory: Learners take an active role in activities, discussions, and problem-solving.
Dynamic: Active learning environments are dynamic and lively, with learners actively involved in various tasks.
Problem-Solving: Active learning often focuses on problem-solving, critical thinking, and the application of knowledge to real-world scenarios.
Collaborative: It encourages collaboration among learners, fostering teamwork and shared learning experiences.
High Engagement: Active learning typically results in high levels of learner engagement and motivation.
Student-Centered: It places the focus on the learner's needs, interests, and active participation.
Application: Active learning emphasizes the practical application of knowledge to real-life situations.
Constructive: Learners actively construct their understanding and knowledge through active participation.
Motivated: Active learning often leads to motivated learners who are eager to explore and learn.
Effective: Research has shown that active learning approaches can be highly effective in improving learning outcomes.
Inclusive: Active learning can be adapted to create inclusive learning environments that accommodate diverse learners.
In summary, active learning is characterized by its emphasis on engagement, interaction, collaboration, and learner-centeredness. It promotes a deeper and more meaningful understanding of the material while encouraging the development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
It is important to note that passive learning has its place in education and can be effective for certain types of content or as an initial step in the learning process. However, it is often most beneficial when complemented by active learning strategies that encourage engagement, critical thinking, and application of knowledge.